International Standardization Organization
International standardization organization
Standards organization is a, unit which develops, maintains, improves, amends and revises standards. It is also called as Standards development Organization (SDO). The organization develops technical or non- technical standards. The Standards organization can be classified by its position, responsibility and authority on the national, regional and international standardization arena.
The national organizations can be government or non-government organizations. The government organizations are Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) for India, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for United States of America. The non-government organizations like American National Standards Institute (ANSI) are allowed to work as government agencies.
Regional organizations are European Committee for Standardization (CEN), Euro-Asian Council for Standardization (EASC), European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI).
International organizations are International Standard Organization (ISO), International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
International Standard Organization (ISO)
The International Standard Organization (ISO) is the leading developer of international standards and is composed of representatives from national standards organizations. The main objective of ISO is to create world-wide industrial and commercial standards. The ISO is a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO). It sets standards which becomes law through contract and acts as an association with strong links to governments. The standards developed by ISO are accepted worldwide. ISO works with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), which is responsible for standardization of electrical equipment.
International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication (ITU-T)
The International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication (Standardization Sector) is the oldest intergovernmental organization. It was previously known as Consultative Committee on International Telephony and Telegraphy (CCITT). It is established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. The public and private organizations develop telecommunications through ITU-T. The ITU was founded in Paris in 1865 as an International Telegraph Union. In 1947 it became a United Nations agency. In 1992, the ITU has mentioned new purposes for the union. For the improvement of telecommunications, the international cooperation between all the members of the union needs to maintain. ITU-T offers technical assistance to the developing countries in the field of telecommunications.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is an international non-profit organization. In 1963, the IEEE was formed by merging the two organizations American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE) and' Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE). The AIEE was concerned with the wire communications (telegraph and telephony) and light and power systems whereas the IRE was concerned with radio engineering. The IEEE is one of the topmost standards-making organizations in the world. It develops standards of various industries like, power and energy, Information Technology (IT), telecommunications, biomedical and healthcare.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a nonprofit organization. The organization coordinates the U.S. standards with international standards to make American products used worldwide. It is possible with ANSI to develop American National Standards (ANS) by certifying the procedures of SDOs. The ANSI also approves standards which are developed by representatives of standards developing organizations, government agencies, consumer groups and companies.
ANSI creates standards for the computer industry and for a wide range of technical areas. ANSI C is a C language standard produced by ANSI. The technical standards can be electrical specifications and communication protocols. For example FDDI, is ANSI standard which is a set of protocols for sending data over fiber optic cables.